The Fort Belknap Reservation is home to two tribes, the Assiniboine, or Nakoda, and the Gros Ventre, who refer to themselves as A'aninin or "People of the White Clay." Combined enrollment is approximately 8,000. The combined reservation and additional tribal lands encompass 698,000 acres of the plains, forest and grasslands of north central Montana between the Milk River and Little Rocky Mountains.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the tribe are the major employers. The Reservation through Island Mountain Development Group is working to develop tourism and marketing Native American artisans. The tribes manages two buffalo herds a 300+head commercial herd and a 30 + Yellowstone herd which is a pure genetic buffalo. Antelope, bird, deer, elk,Bighorn sheep and buffalo hunts are available; licenses and guides are required.
Guided tours are available to Snake Butte, Mission Canyon, Bear Gulch and St. Paul's Mission. Popular attractions in this scenic area include the Natural Bridge, Wilson Park, Devil's Kitchen, and Needle Eye (hole in the wall) and Kid Curry's Hideout. Picnicking and camping available. Watchable wildlife include a buffalo herd, deer, antelope, migratory waterfowl and upland birds. Annual events include Wasay Whapa Wachi and Milk River Indian Days and Pow Wow (both in July) and the Hays Community Pow Wow in August. Chief Joseph, October and the Veterans Pow Wow in November. The New Years Pow Wow in January and the Mid winter fair and Pow Wow in February.