Melrose is on the Big Hole River halfway between Butte and Dillon nestled in the mountains near the Beaverhead-Deerlodge National Forest. It is famous for its trout fishing. Near Melrose is Beaverhead Rock State Park. The huge landmark for which the park gets its name, Beaverhead Rock, resembles the head of a swimming beaver. Sacajawea recognized this landmark while traveling with the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1805. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.